Skin Types & Care

It’s important that you know your skin type so you know how to properly care for you skin, in this blog post I am going to be giving you the basics of the skin types and how to correctly care for you skin, I will also include a test so you can determine your skin type.

Sensitive Skin –

If you have sensitive skin you can actually range from having dry to oily skin, your skin becomes easily irritated by products such as cosmetic’s, moisturizer and cleanser. Because your skin is sensitive you find that it will tend to be prone to redness, itchiness and can quite often become blotchy.

Sensitive Skin Care –

To care for sensitive skin you will need non-perfumed, mild cleansing products, alcohol free toner that is especially for sensitive skin it also helps to use moisturizer & cleansers that are formulated for sensitive skin.

Extra Dry / Dry Skin –

If you have extra dry / dry skin you may find that after you have washed your skin it can feel tight, it may look dry & flaky and feel dehydrated, rough and uneven. Sometime with extra dry / dry skin your skin can be sensitive, your pores tend to be small almost invisible. You also show fine lines quicker than other skin types.

Extra Dry / Dry Skin Care –

To care for extra dry / dry skin it comes down to your diet, you should be eating foods with high water content, for example fruit & veg and drink 8 – 10 glasses of water a day as this will help to keep your skin hydrated. Another way to keep your skin hydrated is to stay away from caffeine & alcohol as they are very dehydrating,  1 – 2 glasses / cups a day are recommended. To care for this skin type you will need to use richer cleansers, limit you sun exposure, also using a good moisture will help in protecting the oils your skin naturally produces. If you have air con or heating in your home this can make the air dry therefore drying out your skin and you can correct this by using humidifier in your home.

Normal Skin –

If you have normal skin your skin will have a comfortable feeling with a smooth texture and your pores are fairly small. Your cheeks tend to be your driest area but nothing too extreme. If you have normal skin you may experience some shine and slightly larger pores around your T-Zone (if you are unsure on what your T-Zone is, it is your Forehead, Nose & Chin)

Normal Skin Care –

To care for normal skin you will need to have a routine consisting of a foaming cleanser, exfoliation twice a week, use a light weight moisturizer and sunscreen to keep your skin super healthy. As skin care comes down to your diet you will need to make sure you have a diet rich in vitamins A, C & E. These vitamins have so many benefits such as keeping the skin smooth & soft, staying hydrated is so important as well and you should be trying to drink 8 – 10 glasses of water a day as of course it will hydrate you and it will also get rid of toxins within your body.

Oily Skin –

If you have oily skin  your skin will be shiny especially on your T-Zone (Forehead, Noise & Chin) this is caused by overactive oil-producing glands, you may have larger more visible pores and often have breakouts however you will have few signs of aging such as fine lines.

Oily Skin Care –

Having a healthy diet and regular skin care routine can help to prevent breakouts. Cleansing your face at least twice a day will help to prevent dirt clogging up your pores. Also using oil-free moisturizer will keep your skin from over drying.

Combination Skin –

If you have combination skin your skin will be oily throughout your T-Zone (Forehead, Nose & Chin) but tend to have dry skin on your cheeks or dehydrated spots. People with combination skin also tend to have larger pores on their T-Zone.

Combination Skin Care –

Caring for this skin type requires regular cleansing, toning and moisturizer the oiler areas then using a milder cleanser and denser moisturizer on the dry parts of your skin.

How to determine your skin type –

What is the overall texture of your clean skin?

  • Flaky = Dry Skin
  • Shiny = Oily Skin
  • Smooth = Normal Skin

How does your skin feel after washing?

  • Tightness on your forehead is an indication of dry skin.

How does you skin look midday?

  • Is there oil breakthrough
  • Is there dryness even if you have used moisturizer

Could these lifestyle factors be influencing you skin?

  • Stress
  • Sun exposure
  • Diet

Does your skin currently have sun damage?

  • Are/  have you protected your skin from the sun

Knowing your skin type will help you care for you skin in the best possible way and chose makeup products that are best suited to your skin type.  If your skin doesn’t improve or even get worse than you should consider going to see a dermatologist.

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